The European Commission has underlined that EU countries have done much to foster knowledge transfer and sharing, also modifying laws and taking new guidelines, but they have limited themselves to acting merely on a national scale. The IKTIMED project promotes an innovative integrated approach for the MED area aimed at improving the openness of theMediterranean territories innovation systems, through the setting-up of new modalities of cooperation among research centres,the public sector and enterprises. The approach is to foster a new way to sustain innovation, through an open, more dynamic MED model of innovation, in which companies can see both “inside-out” and “outside in”, considering that innovation is ever more based on knowledge of external assets. Co-operation is a way to generate new ideas and bring them quickly to market. Iktimed improves public regional policies for supporting the SME’s innovation in the MED area; the setting-up of a trans-nationalsystem of innovation supply with a project partnership composed of relevant project stakeholders with the aim of maximisingthe concrete impact of project activities: regional and local authorities, such as political and funding bodies; chambers ofcommerce, such as TT facilitators and research centres as innovation providers.
Iktimed project wants to face the following main problems:
Policy instruments activated on the basis of European, national and regional strategies on research and innovation and SMEs promotion do not form a system. and there is a lack of coordination and synergies.
Few policy instruments are designed and implemented in a user-oriented mode, taking both expressed and latent need of users (SMEs).
The majority of instruments aims at improving or facilitating existing innovation projects rather than inducing new innovation practices: e.g. providing grants for R&D seems to induce a rather small incremental behavioural effects in term of strategy, management, cooperation and interactive learning; very often tools are designed at regional level under a closed vision of the relevant sources of knowledge useful for the firms (as the boundaries of the firms are defined in administrative terms).
Lack of "market orientation" of the policy tools. A detailed knowledge of specificities' of regional innovation system is often absent, not properly diffused in a language understandable by policy makers, or not updated with sufficient regularity; effects of policies are measured in "funds consumption" approach only; not real independent evaluation of the results and impacts are undertaken.
- to foster the trans-national dimension of knowledge transfer in the MED area considering innovation as a more open process;
- to achieve the cutting down of knowledge and technology market's fragmentation in the MED area;
- to improve the open innovation approach on research and academic institution;
- to increase the relations between the economic sector and science specialization centres of Med programme area;
- to improve the attractiveness of local Mediterranean territories with innovation-oriented goals;
- to improve the connection between R&D, innovation and regional public policy priorities;
- to stimulate knowledge and innovation on a global context for intermediaries organization on technology transfer, by matching ideas, knowledge, linkages and networks;
Two specific objectives are:
- To set up an open and efficient collaboration system, for regional authorities, to sustain innovation through a trans-national certified system of innovation supply.
- To develop joint schemes of collaboration among public sector, research centres and private sector, promoting a business model based on a public private regional economic development partnership and focused on setting up trans-national knowledge communities;
The main activities and results are: guidelines for regional authorities to sustain open innovation, tools to manage knowledge
exploitation, pilot action to apply the certifying systems for innovation providers.
The main activities are:
- innovation providers' quality accreditation system;
- analysis of existent public-private mechanisms of cooperation to fund innovation as pre-commercial procurement of R&D services in which companies develop new solutionsfor public sector needs, due to the current lack of a commercially stable solution.
Other main component is the setting-up ofcollaborative groups such as knowledge communities. These communities aim to include business people, researchers,technologists, as well as academics who are flexible, mobile and eager to innovate in a specific sector, which will permit toboost the creation of relevant aggregation focus on sectors with an own well defined developing plan.
Main outputs andresults as web platform, accreditation system, Knowledge communities will be included within Lead partner and otherregional authorities of the Med area, such as policies for innovation for managing local and national fund for innovation. Inparticular, the accreditation system and its platform will be included in a new call for funding of Marche Regional Authority.This system will be shared with all regional authorities of the Programme area, in order to create a database for an openinnovator provider for the Med area. In order to maximise the effect and dissemination, the communication phase will createalso a network with other projects in the Med area, and with the existing European initiatives such as the European platform orthe European Institute for Innovation and Technology.